Posts made in October 2018

Agriculture and Solar Energy Development in Massachusetts: A Thesis

Graduate student, Kathleen D. Nay is working towards her master’s in Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning at Tufts University.

For her thesis, Nay decided to focus on the potential conflicts and synergies of both preserving farmland for agricultural use and utilizing the land for solar development.

View the memorandum and full thesis by clicking on the buttons below.

Massachusetts is both striving towards a strong agricultural economy in the region and fulfilling their commitment to the SMART program.

Nay’s thesis takes a look into the future of Massachusetts and how it’s green initiative can not only nourish the growth of the solar industry, but those same renewables can then help with farming.

This dual use of land holds many benefits for solar developers, farmers, and in general, the communities they inhabit.

Nay urges that though it may seem as though the two projects—farming and solar development—may seem like they’re competing for the same land, that is truly not the case.

Solar development does have the ability to expand farmland

By developing solar arrays that, structurally, could allow for agricultural use of the land as well, this renewable energy could enhance the success and viability of farm business and help to increase the number of acres in farming across Massachusetts.

Read Nay’s memorandum for a brief overview of her research conducted to discern the conflicts and synergies of these two compatible uses of land.

Then we urge you to read her thesis submitted to Tuft University, where you can learn more about the farmers and solar developers that she was able to speak with in Massachusetts.

We at Pope Energy, were lucky enough have the opportunity to speak with Nay and give our thoughts on not only preserving farmland through solar development but expanding it.

The Benefits of Agricultural Solar

Agricultural Solar is a term used to describe the dual-use of land combining solar photovoltaic renewable electricity generation with the continued use of the land for farming purposes.

Continue farming efficiently

Having a solar generation plant on the property will often enable farmers to remain farming their land due to the increased land lease revenue received by the farmer. Whereas without that land lease revenue generated from the solar array, the economics of farming may not justify continued operations.

In the instance of land succession through inheritance, the presence of a land lease revenue from a long-term solar contract may allow continuous farming of the land by one family member allowing other members to receive their proportionate share of value from the land through land lease revenue.

An increase in revenue

According to the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources (MDAR), there are 7,755 farms in the state across 523,000 acres resulting in $492 million in agricultural products.  The average farm produces $63,470 of agricultural products on 68 acres of land. Having a solar farm on that same property could double the revenue from farm operations with no cost to the farmer.

A sense of security and economic boost

Have you ever gone for a walk and seen stonewalls running through the woods?

That land was once a farm.

Using the economics and long-term operations of solar electric generation, land that was once farm land, then returned to woods can now be returned to farm land growing crops locally, adding to food security and jobs to the economy.

If you own a farm, are a member of a farm family or would like to farm land but do not have the resources to acquire additional land, please contact Pope Energy at 855-767-3363 or

Read Pope Energy’s Policy Letter on Electricity Generation in Massachusetts

Governor Charlie Baker
24 Beacon Street
Office of the Governor
Room 280
Boston, MA 02133

Re: Solar Generation as a Percentage of Massachusetts Consumption

Dear Governor Baker:

The creation and rollout of the SMART program is an example of good government, and you
should take pride in the manner in which DOER sought industry and stakeholder input in an
effort to establish a sustainable solar program demanded by the legislature. This is not an empty
compliment. My companies have been doing business in the Commonwealth since 1979, and
as a businessperson, I have often felt that I was dealing with a kind of undercurrent akin to a
Troop E and MBTA parking lot revenue management problem. So, thank you for attracting and
retaining good people in place to innovatively create and implement good solar public policy.

The good news is that, because Massachusetts has managed the SREC I and II programs in a
consistent and reliable manner, investors have confidence to invest in Massachusetts’s solar
projects. The bad news is that because of that confidence, the 1600 MW SMART program,
which has taken eighteen months to create, will nearly be oversubscribed before it starts in
National Grid and Unitil territories.

While it may be expected that a nascent industry will have fits and starts due to being a new,
disruptive change from the traditional energy market, the choppy transitions between SREC I
and II, combined with the on-again, off-again availability of net metering, has been brutal on
small and medium-size companies trying to build a solar business in Massachusetts.

Larger companies simply move to another state, but in Massachusetts, small and medium-size
companies are very heavily impacted by a lack of steady and consistent solar policy.
Businesses see future demand due to legislated renewable compliance obligations, but they are
unable to access this demand, and dependably build a business around it, because of choppy
policy implementation. Among small and medium-size businesses, there is definitely a feeling of
“Here we go again…” as the SMART program is oversubscribed within months of opening.

Designating that twenty percent (25%) of electricity generation in Massachusetts will come from
solar PV coupled with storage by 2030 is preferable to expanding the existing program by
another 1,600 MW. This mandate will give small and medium-size businesses a clear path to
grow, employ people and make an increased impact on the Massachusetts economy through

Great cities like Fitchburg will not be shut out of developing solar projects if Massachusetts is
focused on achieving a percentage of its electricity from solar as opposed to a finite 1,600 MW
program with each utility sharing a portion of that program based upon their percentage of
supply. Once the SMART portal opens, within a week or a couple of months, the Unitil allotment
under SMART will be developed, thereby locking out Fitchburg from further development for

DOER acknowledges that the price suppression effect of solar generation lowers the wholesale
cost of energy, so ratepayers’ overall cost will not be paying for this transition. These cost
savings are in addition to other value of solar benefits.

Planning for compliance of the Green Communities Act, a new RPS commitment of 2% per year
until 2030, Kane vs. DEP, system planning within ISO-NE, integration of energy storage within
ISO-NE, Smart Grid planning by the utilities will be greatly enhanced by a commitment to install
25% of solar generation by 2030.

With all of the compliance obligations that the Governor’s office is charged with managing, if it is
within the authority of your office to establish a solar policy that states that 25% of
Massachusetts electricity consumption shall be supplied by solar generation by 2030, you
should do so and keep the jobs, careers and energy generation in Massachusetts.

Otherwise, the Baker Administration should request that the legislature adopt this policy as a
measure of meeting the compliance obligations passed by the legislature as well as maintaining
a sustainable solar industry in Massachusetts.

Announcing this program after the SMART portal is open on November 26, 2018 would give a
clear signal to the industry, the investor and finance communities, and other stakeholder groups
that solar in Massachusetts is here to stay as an integral part of our economy.

Thank you for your consideration.

Best Regards,
Doug Pope